10 things you need to know about helmet laws

Helmet laws - helmet petition, helmet forum helmet forum right edge

Helmet laws have changed radically in Australia over the past year, leaving riders a little confused about what they can wear and what they can and can’t do with their helmets.

The Federal Government now allows European-standard helmets to be sold throughout the country, and every state now allows them to be worn.

And a recent court case dismissed a fine for wearing a helmet camera, but the verdict doesn’t represent a test case.

Motorbike Writer has been documenting these changes as they have happened with thanks to helmet law experts such as Guy Stanford and Wayne Carruthers.

If the situation changes, you’ll read it here first.

Meanwhile, here are 10 things you need to know about helmet laws as they stand, noting that this situation can change at any time:

1 What should I look for when buying a helmet?

It is now legal for retailers to sell helmets compliant to the recognised standards AS1698, UNECE 22.05, DOT, Snell and BSI. A helmet only has to be “fit for purpose” to be sold and the “purpose” may be either road use or motor sport use where helmets to other standards are allowed. This means that when purchasing a helmet for road use, riders must ensure the helmet is compliant to AS1698 or UNECE 22.05 only.

2 Where can I wear a European helmet?

European-standard or UNECE 22.05 helmets are now approved for wear in all states and territories. While it has been difficult to find a store to sell you one, distributors are now beginning to import them as stocks of Australian-approved helmets run out. Also, importers are starting to bring in brands we have not seen here before.

3 What stickers and labels does my helmet need?

Police in most states believe an AS1698 CAB sticker must be on the exterior of the helmet but it is not specified in any regulations where the CAB sticker should be placed.  The AS1698 standard only requires a label sewn into the liner. UNECE 22.05 only needs a label on the chin strap or liner.

AS/NZ1698 helmet sticker laws
AS/NZ1698 helmet sticker

4 Can I wear a camera or bluetooth unit on my helmet?

Neither AS1698 nor UNECE 22.05 have been updated to specify accessory attachment methods. It is not legal to modify a helmet shell to fit an attachment such as drilling holes. but if it is clamped or stuck on with the provided attachments, it should be ok. The position in Victoria is still in doubt.

NSW and Victorian police improperly interpreted the AS1698 specification to determine accessories were illegal on the basis they were rigid external projections protruding more than 5mm beyond the helmet shell. NSW police have been instructed by the Police Commissioner to stop issuing infringement notices for accessories.

A recent helmet camera fine was dismissed in Victoria, but only on the grounds that the laws were too difficult for the public to access, not on the applicable laws. If the Victorian laws become more readily available, there could be concerns for riders in Victoria. Some NSW and Victorian police may still improperly interpret any change to a helmet as making it non-compliant. The argument that compliance only applies at the point of sale has still not been proved.

The ACT government has ratified the legality of helmet cameras and Bluetooth units, while States such as Queensland and Western Australia do not see it as an issue. Meanwhile, bike cops in all states have cameras and Bluetooth units attached to their helmets.

Gopro helmet camera 2015 laws

5 Can I paint my helmet or put stickers on it?

Neither AS1698 nor UNECE 22.05 specify painting or stickers so this is a grey area. Manufacturers advise you don’t and because of that the police may interpret that as meaning the helmet has been modified and therefore non-compliant. If the compliance issue is resolved as only referring to the point of sale, then you should be ok to paint or sticker your helmet, but be wary of solvents and glues that can destroy the helmet’s structural integrity. Read more here.

Painted motorcycle helmets laws

6 When do I have to replace my helmet?

There are no rules regarding a time when you should replace your helmet, except that it must not be damaged with an intact chin strap and unbroken visor. Longevity of a helmet depends on how often you use it and how much you sweat in it. If it becomes loose or is damaged, we suggest you update it. Five years is a recommended maximum. Read more here.

7 Must the chin strap be done up?

Yes, regulations state it must be securely attached. Police have been known to fine riders for not having the chin strap done up properly. That means you can’t just loop it through the double-d clasps; it must be secure. It might seem petty – and it is – but it is important for your safety. Meanwhile, we are yet to see how the police will respond to the new Australian-designed Vozz helmet which has no chin strap!

VOZZ Helmet laws
VOZZ Helmet

8 Are head-up display units legal?

Neither AS1698 nor UNECE 22.05 have been updated to specify HUD and there is no talk of them being updated to include this latest technology. The units can either be integrated into the helmet or an after market accessory. However, these units are fitted internally and shouldn’t cause concerns from police about distance protruding from the helmet.

9 Are tinted visors and goggles legal?

AS1698 and UNECE 22.05 specify limits on visible light transmittance (VLT) for tinted visors, neither specification has been updated to cover modern optical treatments or internal visors. AS1698 allowable tinting is 50-85% VLT, UNECE 22.05 allowable tinting is  50-80% VLT. Victorian police withdrew a non-compliant helmet fine against a rider for having a tinted visor. However, because it didn’t go to court for a decision, there is no test case and no reason why police can’t continue to interpret the law that way. The ACT is the only government that has specifically ratified internal tinted visors. There have been very few examples of riders being fined, but it makes sense not to wear a tinted visor at night. Meanwhile, the legality of replacement tinted visors is still open to interpretation. Goggles are legal on helmets which are designed for use with goggles. If they are not tinted, there is no problem with helmet goggles.

Motorcycle goggles laws

10 What should I do if fined by police?

We recommend you do not enter into an argument with police on the side of the road. However, you should advise the officer politely that you will be contesting the matter and show them a printed copy of the appropriate state regulation which you should keep with you. Make sure you do that before they start to write out the fine. Also, be aware that they may then start finding other faults such as bald tyres, illegal lights, after market tail tidies etc. Where any infringement notice for a helmet offence is issued ensure your state rider association is informed so the issue can be addressed.


  1. Hi,do u know where i can apply to get australian helmet license?i have a friends who have a helmet manufacturer in indonesia and willing to try australian market..


      1. Above it states you now can wear DOT approved helmets 1 What should I look for when buying a helmet?
        It is now legal for retailers to sell helmets compliant to the recognised standards AS1698, UNECE 22.05, DOT, Snell and BSI. A helmet only has to be “fit for purpose” to be sold and the “purpose” may be either road use or motor sport use where helmets to other standards are allowed. This means that when purchasing a helmet for road use, riders must ensure the helmet is compliant to AS1698 or UNECE 22.05 only.

        1. Hi Scotty,
          It is legal for them to sell DOT helmets, but not legal for you to wear one. (It’s about similar to rules tat allow radar detectors to be sold, but not used in some states!)
          You may be able to wear a DOT helmet on some race tracks, depending on who sanctions the event. However, you can’t wear them on the road.

  2. Hello

    I own a HJC RPHA Max modular helmet and I’d like to know if the regulations in Queensland allow you to wear it as an open face helmet when riding, meaning having the front lifted up (not just the visor)?
    It gets pretty hot and humid in summer and it helps keep cool when the front is open. Also, I wouldn’t need to buy a second open face helmet.


    1. Hi Yoshi,
      This tis a tricky one.
      The only modular helmets approved for riding in the one position are those where the chin bar goes all the way back over the head like the Shark Evolution.
      Old police ride with theirs open, even though it is officially illegal.
      However, we have never heard of anyone being fined for it and cannot find reference to it in any road rules..

  3. I have only recently arrived from the UK and have brought with me a helmet with an ACU Gold sticker on it and an “E9” tag on the chin strap. I am completely confused as to whether this is now legal to use on NSW roads or not – some sites say that this standard is better than UNECE 22.05 as it is awarded to helmets used in racing, but without that valuable ECE sticker, are the police going to fine me?? One site says that because it has the E9 tag on the strap, this means that it does comply with 22.05 standards. But as the police have a ‘no room for negotiation’ attitude towards breaking the laws, I don’t want to be hit with a fine and points for not having the story straight, neither do I want to replace my 300 pound helmet if I don’t have to. Any advice, gratefully received.

    1. The E9 on the chin strap indicates it is UNECE 22.05 compliant and was approved in Spain, the precise wording which should be on the strap is below

      “An international approval mark of a circle around the number “E” followed by the number of the country which has granted the approval followed by the approval number, a dash and a symbol as set out below
      “J” if the helmet does not have a lower face cover
      “P” if the helmet has a protective lower face cover, or
      “NP” if the helmet has a non protective lower face cover
      The symbol is followed by a dash and the production serial number
      On helmets the marking is required to be sewn onto the retention system (chin strap).”

      It is not uncommon for helmets which have been certified to multiple standards to only have one “sticker” on the exterior of the helmet.

      The advice to riders on the WA Road Safety web site is to look for that UNECE 22.05 chin strap label, not any other “sticker”, stickers are too easy to produce and counterfeit

      Police training on what stickers should be on a helmet and where is unfortunately poor and so there are some instances of infringement notices issued.

      Where any rider is issued with any helmet related infringement notice they should contact their State Rider Association

  4. “The AS1698 standard only requires a label sewn into the liner.”
    Are you sure about that?
    When I was a member of the AS1698 standards committee, the reg said “AS1698 had to be marked either on the liner, OR a sticker on the outside” so most manufacturers put them on both.

  5. Unfortunately some of the state in USA do not have a helmet law. But whether it has a law or not it is very necessary to wear a helmet for personal safety and for prevent serious head injury while a crash.

  6. Hello Mark, Great laws! The helmet is most essential for safety purpose at the time of driving. These all laws are truly usable for everyone and all helmets are looking cool. Thanks a lot for sharing this wonderful blog.

    1. DOT cannot be legally worn in NSW or in other States, only AS1698 and UNECE 22.05 helmets are approved

      There is a medical excemption system for genuine medical conditions which has some limited ability to use other standard helmets but Doctors certificates are required. Medical certificates are not recognised beyond State borders like eye glass endorsements on licences so exemptions must be applied for in each State separately

      1. Cheers for the reply, shame about the DOT.. someday hopefully they’ll be legal as I have a couple of Bell helmets from the US.

        1. Wait, but the beginning of the article said, “It is now legal for retailers to sell helmets compliant to the recognised standards AS1698, UNECE 22.05, DOT, Snell and BSI.”
          So doesn’t that mean DOT is ok?

  7. Interestingly what no one has pointed out yet are the implications that the Victorian judgement may have across the board for anything that must meet an Australian standard. Since the privatisation of the standards, most standards are only available by paying a fee. This judgement will be a precent across a lot of industries, from construction to manufacturing and more. This same defence could conceivably be used by a builder who uses sub-standard materials . If the relevant standards referred to in legislation must be freely available then it undermines the income stream of the companies that currently publish the standards and charge for copies. Once this realisation filters out there things could get interesting.

    1. Yes, that has been noted and there could well be an appeal because of the implications

      Standards Austrlia only have themselves to blame though as standards are not split into two sections

      The public part we all need to know, and the private/paid part with all the tests a manufacturer needs to know in order to build components compliant to a standard

    2. If there is a relevant standard for something and a builder or manufacturer failed to follow or comply with that standard they would not be able to use that excuse as the finding was the standard is not accessible by the public, builders and manufacturers are not the public they are the party’s bound by the relevant standards and as such have to know them. So if a builder was brought up on charges for shoddy work saying it was because he could access the standard would only add a charge of negligence and reckless endangerment, he’d be better off saying he was crook and didn’t realise that he was stuffing up.

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